FinTech / RegTech
  • CROWDFUNDING MALAYSIA'S SHARING ECONOMY - Alternative Financing for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

    Source: Dr Raymond Madden, Chief Executive Officer, Asian Institute of Finance, Kee Gek Choo, General Manager, Strategy, Policy Development and Research, Asian Institute of Finance
    Date Submitted: 27 Nov 2017
    Views: 1334
    Downloads: 17

    Although a relatively new phenomenon in Malaysia, crowdfunding has been greeted by the government and market alike as a part of disruptive financial technologies (FinTech) that add impetus to Malaysia’s move towards a 21st century digital economy. With the government’s policy commitment, financial assistance, regulatory supervision and other supportive measures, crowdfunding is expected to accelerate in the near future as a critical source of alternative financing for SMEs to create new employment, enhance social participation and help Malaysia adjust to the fast-shifting dynamics of the global economic and social landscape. In spite of its promising prospects, there are gaps in awareness of what crowdfunding is and the opportunities and risks it presents. There is a shortage of actionable information on: • the role of crowdfunding in the policy, business and financing environment for SMEs; • the level of understanding of crowdfunding among the public and small entrepreneurs; • their interest and willingness to participate in crowdfunded projects/activities; and • the effectiveness of the national ecosystem for crowdfunding. This report addresses these gaps to help realise the full potential of crowdfunding in Malaysia. It is based on a two-phase research study. The first consisted of a quantitative survey of the public and small entrepreneurs within the Klang Valley, and the second involved desk research and consultations with crowdfunding platform operators, national agencies/institutions, sophisticated investors and start-up entrepreneurs. The report describes a vibrant crowdfunding environment emerging in Malaysia following Bank Negara Malaysia’s policy support for alternative financing, and the Securities Commission Malaysia’s introduction of regulatory frameworks for equity crowdfunding (ECF) in 2015 and peer-to-peer crowdfunding (P2P) in 2016. Since crowdfunding continues to evolve rapidly around the world and is still at an early stage in the country, the insights offered by this report are an initial but comprehensive snapshot of the local crowdfunding environment and its future growth potential.
  • Can India get to 25 billion retail digital transactions in 2017–18?

    Source: Mahadevan Balakrishnan
    Date Submitted: 27 Nov 2017
    Views: 36
    Downloads: 0
    The government of India has set a target of 25 billion retail digital transactions for the year 2017–18 and is pushing all agencies to work towards this goal.

    This is an ambitious goal when one considers that India had only 9.6 billion retail digital transactions in the year 2016–17.

    Balakrishnan's paper examines the last 10 years of payment system data to establish trends and identify when India is likely to reach this target of 25 billion retail digital transactions. It also examines where India stands on the Rogers diffusion innovation curve with regard to the adoption of digital payments.

    Although India’s digital payments are growing, historical data and trend line projections suggest that the government of India’s target of 25 billion retail digital transactions in 2017–18 is unlikely to be reached.

    It is, however, conceivable that this might happen by 2019–20. With India still at the early adoption stage in digital payments and yet to reach a tipping point in terms of digital payments adoption, it will take a mighty effort to meet the ambitious target this (or indeed next) year.

    Government, regulators and other stakeholders can, however, adopt specific strategies such as appropriate pricing, reducing taxation, allowing white-label POS operators, supporting innovation and creating a level playing  field,  widening access, tapping the billions of transaction opportunities, standardising message formats and strengthening consumer protection to improve the digital payment infrastructure and speed up adoption to achieve the target of 25 billion transactions before 2019–20.

    While this paper focuses on India, the strategies are applicable to any developing country interested in strengthening digital payments.

    The full paper can be read at
  • Machine Learning – A Simple Example for Stock Market Prediction

    Source: HC SHU, Jaccob Thomas
    Date Submitted: 16 Nov 2017
    Views: 71
    Downloads: 4
  • 人工智能风口下的量化投资

    Source: 任瞳,兴业证券研究所,总经理助理、首席定量分析师、定量研究团队负责人
    Date Submitted: 01 Nov 2017
    Views: 119
    Downloads: 3
            随后,任瞳先生重点介绍了其团队针对雪球网在大数据方面进行的研究。根据雪球网的用户大概有三种行为:讨论(用户的发帖行为)、 交易(用户的关注行为)、 调仓(投资组合调整行为) ,总共构建了三个选股因子,分别是关注度因子、价值变动因子和负面情绪因子。其团队根据这三个因子分别构建了一些投资策略(见PPT),证实因子还是非常有效的,包括负面情绪因子如果跟反转因子如果结合起来的话,效应会更强。
  • AAM-CAMRI-CFA Institute Prize- Profit Sharing: A Contracting Solution to Harness the Wisdom of the Crowd    

    Source: Jiasun Li
    Date Submitted: 29 Aug 2017
    Views: 806
    Downloads: 0
    Paper Submission for AAM-CAMRI-CFA Institute Prize in Asset Management
  • AAM-CAMRI-CFA Institute Prize - The Case of T-Mobile USA, Inc. & AT&T (2010-2014): Financial Stability, Corporate Governance and Failed Business Processes

    Source: Michael C. I. Nwogugu
    Date Submitted: 29 Aug 2017
    Views: 72
    Downloads: 0
    Paper Submission for AAM-CAMRI-CFA Institute Prize in Asset Management
  • AAM-CAMRI-CFA Institute Prize - The Case Of Apple, Inc., and Fintech: Managerial Psychology, Corporate Governance and Business Processes

    Source: Michael Nwogugu
    Date Submitted: 29 Aug 2017
    Views: 97
    Downloads: 0
    Paper Submission for AAM-CAMRI-CFA Institute Prize in Asset Management
  • Asian Link

    Source: Dr Raymond Madden, FRSA, Neil Smith
    Date Submitted: 20 Aug 2017
    Views: 255
    Downloads: 0
    "Ethical issues in the financial services industry affect everyone, as almost all of society are consumers of its products and services.  Given the vital role that financial institutions play, moral hazards may be more acute and it is therefore unsurprising that the industry should be subject to the highest ethical standards.  Ethical dimensions create an environment based on trust and make economic transactions more predictable for producers and consumers".
  • FinTech and RegTech in a Nutshell, and the Future in a Sandbox

    Source: Douglas W. Arner, Janos Barberis, Ross P. Buckley
    Date Submitted: 02 Aug 2017
    Views: 4312
    Downloads: 93
    The 2008 global financial crisis represented a pivotal moment that separated prior phases of the development of financial technology (FinTech) and regulatory technology (RegTech) from the current paradigm. Today, FinTech has entered a phase of rapid development marked by the proliferation of startups and other new entrants, such as IT and ecommerce firms that have fragmented the financial services market. This new era presents fresh challenges for regulators and highlights why the evolution of FinTech necessitates a parallel development of RegTech. In particular, regulators must develop a robust new framework that promotes innovation and market confidence, aided by the use of regulatory "sandboxes." Certain RegTech developments today are highlighting the path toward another paradigm shift, which will be marked by a reconceptualization of the nature of financial regulation.
  • The Business of Ethics

    Source: Dr Raymond Madden, CEO
    Date Submitted: 28 Jul 2017
    Views: 1082
    Downloads: 0
    "Restoring the trustworthiness of global business will be a long-haul and there are no short-cuts when it comes to trying to embed ethical behaviour in business DNA.  But the dialogue in global board rooms is beginning to change with the importance of corporate culture, behaviours and the causal links to incentives and rewards gradually being recognised.  Our international businesses will always have responsibilities that go way beyond compliance - you cannot regulate for good behaviour.  Sustainable improvements in culture and behaviour in banking and right across the business landscape can only be achieved if individual institutions, owners, investors and the people leading and managing them step up to the plate.  As Dr Madden's thought provoking book makes clear, responsibility and accountability have to move to the top of every Board agenda".  Dame Collete Bowe, Chairman, UK Banking Standards Board.
  • RMBI Newsletter Issue 13 (Financial Crime Risk: Anti-Money Laundering and The Rise of Text Mining in Financial Markets)

    Source: Tsang Chiu Yu, Derek, Wong Ching Ip, Venice, Chiu Hok He, Angus, Li Chin Wa, Chin
    Date Submitted: 26 Jul 2017
    Views: 175
    Downloads: 0
    In the latest issue (Issue 13 – August 2017), it covers the stories of:
    Financial Crime Risk : Anti-Money Laundering Practices in Banking
    To understand anti-money laundering, we have to understand what money laundering is. Money Laundering is the process of converting illegal funds into seemingly legitimate assets with the purpose of concealing the ownership or original source of these funds. This makes it difficult for the authorities to trace the origins of the funds. To counter this, the banking sector has established a set of internal regulations and system known as anti-money laundering. These are legal controls taken by financial institutions to investigate suspicious transactions to help prevent money laundering activities within the banking sector.
    The Rise of Text Mining in Financial Markets
    The world is awash in data. Financial markets are awash in data. We are generating around 2.5 quintillion (2.5×1018) bytes of information every day, and there is an average of 4,000 brokerage reports a day comprising around 36,000 pages in 53 languages. As market participants try to maximize their competitive edge from the growing mountain of information, the nancial world increasingly feels there is a need to harness the power of big data and it has been shaping the way they acquire, analyze and utilize data. The recent development is the rapid expansion of text mining. Hence, this article will focus on the development of Text Mining technology as well as Text Mining technique.
  • Fintech - Transforming Finance

    Source: Jimmy Greer
    Date Submitted: 20 Jun 2017
    Views: 510
    Downloads: 0

    Financial Technology (FinTech) is here – sweeping through finance and, if some are to be believed, threatening traditional edifices that have stood for centuries.

    This great surge is being fronted by a host of new start-ups taking their lead from the big tech innovators. Their maverick approach is helping to push the FinTech industry into new territory across the financial services landscape, raising billions of dollars and worrying the incumbents.

    So what are the main trends and driving forces shaping FinTech today? Fintech – transforming finance explores the features of this new landscape, highlighting the many ways in which this revolution is taking place.

    For professional accountants, this new terrain will provide many opportunities as it permeates deeper and deeper into the fabric of society. From the promise of blockchain, to the demands of valuation in a digital era, finance more than ever needs an experienced, knowledgeable guide to make the most of the opportunities ahead.

  • Two insightful reports on Fintech and Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) by Financial Services Development Council (FSDC)

    Source: Financial Services Development Council (FSDC)
    Date Submitted: 13 Jun 2017
    Views: 1492
    Downloads: 0
    Given most of the FinTech innovations, in particular the DLT, are developed for providing services directly to consumers, FinTech has initially been regarded as disruptive to the established financial institutions. However, a more recent development is that increasingly FinTech innovations are developed by, and in collaboration with, the well established incumbents in the financial sector. There are two very insightful reports on FinTech and DLT published by the FSDC in May 2017; which covers extensively the following areas including cybersecurity, payment and securities settlement, digital ID and KYC utility, WealthTech and InsurTech (including data analytics, automation and artificial intelligence), RegTech as well as Distributed Ledger Technology.  

    Attached are the two links to these two reports by FSDC.
  • Fintech Survey Report PPT 2016

    Source: Alan Lok, CFA
    Date Submitted: 29 Jul 2016
    Views: 834
    Downloads: 113
    Fintech Survey PPT 2016
  • China’s Money Market Reforms Aim to Stem Risk, Allow Funds to Thrive in Fintech Era

    Source: Alan Lok
    Date Submitted: 20 May 2016
    Views: 519
    Downloads: 7
    This is a blog posted on CFA Institute's website on 13 April 2016.