21 Jul 2018
Due to the growing demand for power energy driven by economic growth in the country, Uzbekistan is set to reform power energy sector. Uzbekistan is the largest electricity producer in Central Asia with total installed capacity of c.14.6GW, as of 2017. There are 45 power plants (16 by UzbekEnergo – state-owned power energy company). UzbekEnergo generates up to 90% of the power energy while the rest is produced by autonomous thermal power stations of the industrial enterprises and small hydroelectric power stations of the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources. The electricity is transmitted and distributed via power transmission lines (with 0.4 - 500 kV voltage ranges) whose total length currently exceeds 243,000 km.
Power generation sources are largely focused on thermal power (natural gas, coal, etc.) while renewable energy makes a small portion of the capacity. Uzbek government plans to increase the share of renewable energy to 19% by 2025E from 13% currently.
Hydropower is the only main source among renewable energy sources while solar power contributes very small amount to the overall power generation. By 2025E, it is planned to achieve more power generation from solar and wind energy. Renewable energy has significant growth potential in Uzbekistan. According to Asian Development Bank (ADB), the country has 18 GW hydropower potential but only 1.8 GW has been developed so far. Solar power also has a great potential thanks to the favorable weather conditions in Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan gets between 2,410 and 3,090 hours of sunshine every year according to UN studies and the ADB estimates that about 3.8 million hectares of land in Uzbekistan meet the basic technical requirement for hosting solar energy facilities.