• CROWDFUNDING MALAYSIA'S SHARING ECONOMY - Alternative Financing for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

    Jimmy Ong    Dr Raymond Madden, Chief Executive Officer, Asian Institute of Finance, Kee Gek Choo, General Manager, Strategy, Policy Development and Research, Asian Institute of Finance
    27 Nov 2017


    Although a relatively new phenomenon in Malaysia, crowdfunding has been greeted by the government and market alike as a part of disruptive financial technologies (FinTech) that add impetus to Malaysia’s move towards a 21st century digital economy. With the government’s policy commitment, financial assistance, regulatory supervision and other supportive measures, crowdfunding is expected to accelerate in the near future as a critical source of alternative financing for SMEs to create new employment, enhance social participation and help Malaysia adjust to the fast-shifting dynamics of the global economic and social landscape. In spite of its promising prospects, there are gaps in awareness of what crowdfunding is and the opportunities and risks it presents. There is a shortage of actionable information on: • the role of crowdfunding in the policy, business and financing environment for SMEs; • the level of understanding of crowdfunding among the public and small entrepreneurs; • their interest and willingness to participate in crowdfunded projects/activities; and • the effectiveness of the national ecosystem for crowdfunding. This report addresses these gaps to help realise the full potential of crowdfunding in Malaysia. It is based on a two-phase research study. The first consisted of a quantitative survey of the public and small entrepreneurs within the Klang Valley, and the second involved desk research and consultations with crowdfunding platform operators, national agencies/institutions, sophisticated investors and start-up entrepreneurs. The report describes a vibrant crowdfunding environment emerging in Malaysia following Bank Negara Malaysia’s policy support for alternative financing, and the Securities Commission Malaysia’s introduction of regulatory frameworks for equity crowdfunding (ECF) in 2015 and peer-to-peer crowdfunding (P2P) in 2016. Since crowdfunding continues to evolve rapidly around the world and is still at an early stage in the country, the insights offered by this report are an initial but comprehensive snapshot of the local crowdfunding environment and its future growth potential.
  • Asian Link

    20 Aug 2017

    "Ethical issues in the financial services industry affect everyone, as almost all of society are consumers of its products and services.  Given the vital role that financial institutions play, moral hazards may be more acute and it is therefore unsurprising that the industry should be subject to the highest ethical standards.  Ethical dimensions create an environment based on trust and make economic transactions more predictable for producers and consumers".
  • The Business of Ethics

    28 Jul 2017

    "Restoring the trustworthiness of global business will be a long-haul and there are no short-cuts when it comes to trying to embed ethical behaviour in business DNA.  But the dialogue in global board rooms is beginning to change with the importance of corporate culture, behaviours and the causal links to incentives and rewards gradually being recognised.  Our international businesses will always have responsibilities that go way beyond compliance - you cannot regulate for good behaviour.  Sustainable improvements in culture and behaviour in banking and right across the business landscape can only be achieved if individual institutions, owners, investors and the people leading and managing them step up to the plate.  As Dr Madden's thought provoking book makes clear, responsibility and accountability have to move to the top of every Board agenda".  Dame Collete Bowe, Chairman, UK Banking Standards Board.
  • Outlook 2017

    29 Jun 2017

    AIF, working with the Financial Services Professional Board (FSPB), conducted a study into the ethical climate in the financial services industry in Malaysia, including what safeguards are in place and what more needs to be done to retain the public’s trust.
  • Earning the Trust

    05 Jun 2017


    The global financial services landscape is changing rapidly. Questions of ethics have become leading concerns for regulators and industry alike in the wake of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis. While the general economic and investment climate is recovering, the future remains uncertain. Policies adopted by governments and central banks in response to the crisis have averted a catastrophe, but their longer term impacts on economies, the financial services industry and consumers remain unknown.

    Meanwhile, the public’s trust in the industry has been shaken by widespread evidence of questionable business practices and breaches of professional ethics leading to the 2008 crisis. It is not being helped by recurring incidents of misconduct involving prominent industry names at the international level. The general perception is more needs to be done to restore confidence in the sector.

    Two ongoing developments add to the urgency of restoring faith in the industry’s ability to act responsibly in keeping with government policy priorities and consumer expectations. One is the shift in the balance of economic power from the West to the East, with developing and emerging economies in Asia now assuming a greater share of future global growth. For a trading nation like Malaysia, this implies increased financial activity, more intense interaction with foreign markets and financial institutions, and greater exposure to global events and risks. The other is the accelerating trend towards digitalisation and FinTech. This covers a broad spectrum of financial products and services aided by digital technology, ranging from remote banking and cashless transactions to sophisticated tools that come with a different set of risks and rewards that are yet to be fully understood. These developments call for a higher level of confidence in the industry.

    The Financial Services Professional Board (FSPB), an industry initiative, was launched in Malaysia in September 2014 against this background. Its focus is on setting elevated standards of professionalism and ethics in the industry to regain public confidence and achieve sustainable growth. Its first initiative was a Code of Ethics launched in January 2016.

    The Asian Institute of Finance (AIF), in its role as the secretariat for FSPB, commissioned a survey of Malaysian industry practitioners to gauge the industry’s ethical health and to get a baseline reading of FSPB’s impact on the industry. The survey has identified a number of gaps in professionalism and ethics, and a significant role for FSPB to support the industry’s own initiatives to address these gaps. In presenting this report to the industry, AIF would like to convey its readiness to assist the industry leaders and professionals in their efforts to harmonise their existing codes of ethics and professional conduct, and to bring them on par with international norms.