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  • Safeguards against the Introduction of a Dual-Class Shares Structure

    Scott Lee    Rocky Tung, Mary Leung, CFA
    17 May 2018

    Safeguards against the Introduction of a Dual-Class Shares Structure
    As revealed in a survey conducted in Asia Pacific by CFA Institute in March, a majority (60%) of the 450-plus respondents have not had any experience investing in firms with a DCS structure, which signalled the urgency for and need to educate investors and the general public on the implications of DCS structures.

    The survey, “Dual-Class Shares and the Demand for Safeguards,” revealed that respondents in the region were divided when asked whether DCS structures should be introduced to the market, with 53% opposing the introduction and 47% in favour. Regardless of their position on DCS, almost all (97%) respondents considered it necessary to enact additional safeguards if DCS structures are permitted.

    Among different possible safeguards, more than 90% of respondents considered it appropriate to implement enhanced mandatory corporate governance measures as well as time- and event-based sunset provisions, such as automatic conversion of shares with super voting rights to ordinary voting rights. Specifically, 94% of respondents considered it appropriate to introduce a time-based sunset provision; among which, 91% of such respondents considered it appropriate to convert shares with super voting rights to ordinary shares within 10 years. Separately, 93% of respondents considered introducing a maximum voting differential appropriate; 63% of these respondents found a 2:1 maximum voting differential optimal.

  • Two insightful reports on Fintech and Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) by Financial Services Development Council (FSDC)

    Scott Lee    Financial Services Development Council (FSDC)
    13 Jun 2017

    Given most of the FinTech innovations, in particular the DLT, are developed for providing services directly to consumers, FinTech has initially been regarded as disruptive to the established financial institutions. However, a more recent development is that increasingly FinTech innovations are developed by, and in collaboration with, the well established incumbents in the financial sector. There are two very insightful reports on FinTech and DLT published by the FSDC in May 2017; which covers extensively the following areas including cybersecurity, payment and securities settlement, digital ID and KYC utility, WealthTech and InsurTech (including data analytics, automation and artificial intelligence), RegTech as well as Distributed Ledger Technology.  

    Attached are the two links to these two reports by FSDC.
  • Presentation deck of ARX seminar - Stock Market Efficiency, Participants and Investment Delegation

    Scott Lee    Yeguang Chi
    09 Jun 2017

    Presentation deck of CFA China Shanghai seminar - Stock Market Efficiency, Participants and Investment Delegation

    In December 2016 CFA Institute supported the 29th Australasian Finance and Banking Conference by sponsoring two research awards in Banking / Finance / Investment Management in Asia-Pacific markets and the winner of the first prize goes to Yeguang Chi, associate professor of Shanghai Jiaotong University SAIF.

    In addition to uploading Professor Chi’s winning paper “Private Information in the Chinese Stock Market: Evidence from Mutual Funds and Corporate Insiders onto ARX, to bridge the gap between academics and practitioners we have created a Practitioner’s Brief, a short practitioner-focused digest of the research paper and an accompanying video edition of that digest.  The brief and video were well received and CFA China Shanghai decided to bring it to life by hosting the first o2o seminar on June 6.

    During the event Professor Chi first illustrated the conditions of China’s stock market in terms of trading volume of retail investors and performance of mutual funds. Then he presented his research findings on how and why mutual funds and institutional investors in China outperform the market, highlighted the disadvantages retail investors possess in a considerably inefficient market and encouraged retail investors in China to consider delegate the investment decision to fund managers, trade less or to go for passive investments. Meanwhile he also urged for more disclosures on private meetings and stronger enforcement against insider trades to enhance market efficiency.

    Professor Chi's presentation deck can be downloaded in the attached.
  • Leviathan Inc. and Corporate Environmental Engagement

    Scott Lee    Hao Liang, Pedro P. Matos, Po-Hsuan Hsu
    14 May 2017

    In a special report in 2010, The Economist called the resurgence of state-owned mega-enterprises, especially those in emerging economies, “Leviathan Inc.”, and warned about the dangers of the state capitalism model. Traditionally, state-owned firms have been criticized for poor governance and questionable efficiency. In fact, they may be better positioned to deal with market failures and externalities. Our findings based on publicly-listed firms in 45 countries suggest that government-controlled companies engage more in environmental issues, and this engagement does not come at a cost to shareholder value. The effect is more pronounced among firms in emerging market economies and in countries with higher energy risks. The effect is attributable to ownership stakes held directly by domestic governments, rather than to foreign state ownership or investment via sovereign wealth funds. Difference-in-differences estimates show that state-owned firms reacted more significantly to the 2009 Copenhagen Accord in improving their environmental performance. Interestingly, state-owned firms also engage more in social issues, but they do not reveal better corporate governance performance. 
  • Presentation deck on Key Sustainable & Green Finance Trends during ARX ESG forum  April 2017

    Scott Lee    Martina Macpherson
    04 May 2017

    CFA Institute Asia-Pacific Research Exchange ESG series kicked-start in Hong Kong - Green Finance Forum
    On 27 April, CFA Institute co-hosted a green finance forum with the Hong Kong Society of Financial Analysts and the Hong Kong Financial Services Development Council (FSDC), a high-level government advisory body that conducts policy research and industry surveys for the formulation of proposals to the Government and regulators.  This is the second green finance forum organized by CFA Institute in Hong Kong, ARX’s second o2o event as well as ARX’s ESG Track maiden event. The forum attracted 140 attendees including CFA members, industry practitioners, think tanks, environmental and other NGOs.
    The evening began with a keynote speech delivered by Martina Macpherson, S&P Dow Jones Indices Head of Sustainability Indices on an overview of green finance and ESG trends. Up next Mary Leung, Head of Standards and Advocacy for CFA Institute Asia Pacific led a panel discussion featuring Martina and ESG experts from PwC, HSBC and AXA Investment Managers focusing on the intrinsic value of ESG. 

    The PowerPoint Presentation of Martina's keynote speech can be downloaded in the attachment.

    Overall the event was a great success with very positive feedbacks from both participants and panelists.  The next stop for the CFA Institute Asia-Pacific Research Exchange ESG Series will take place in Singapore on the 11th May 2017.
  • 中国金融行业人才发展报告

    Scott Lee    CFA Institute
    05 Oct 2016

    处于经济转型期的中国金融业正面临新的机遇和挑战,金融机构及业内人才如何才能把握机遇应对挑战? 为此CFA Institute、罗兰贝格管理咨询公司、LinkedIn三方合力制定中国金融行业人才发展报告, 旨在为金融业内机构及业内人才提供有益参考
  • Financial Talent Development in China 2016

    Scott Lee    CFA Institute
    05 Oct 2016

    In the period of economic transformation, China’s financial sector is facing new opportunities and challenges. How should financial institutions and those who work in the financial sector grasp the opportunities and cope with the challenges? CFA Institute together with Roland Berger Strategy Consultants and LinkedIn constructed a talent report with intention to provide financial institutions and those who work in the financial sector with a helpful reference.