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ARX receives up to 100 new submissions each month: academic papers, industry research, white papers, market analysis and others. Here is a curated selection of new and noteworthy posts from our institutional and individual contributors.

To browse or search ARX's repository of more than 3000 posts, select "Research" in the upper left-hand corner of the page.

The Retirement Puzzle

Present-day retirees may not be as well off as they expect during their retired life, as incentives exist for people to deplete their superannuation in the early years of retirement, with significant negative consequences for government finances.

30 June 2020 | Monash University: Ummul Ruthbah

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Impact of COVID-19 on USD Corporate Bond Liquidity

The COVID-19 crisis has impacted asset valuations, increased volatility and led to reduced liquidity in many cases. In this paper, FTSE Russell examines the effects of the crisis on the  liquidity of USD corporate bonds.

30 June 2020 | FTSE Russell: Mikhail Bezroukov,  Yu Zou 

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WEBINAR: Transformation through Purposeful Leadership

A masterclass session with Tan Sri Abdul Wahid Omar, Chairman of University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) Board of Directors and Chairman of Bursa Malaysia, and Justin Ong, CFA, President of CFA Society Malaysia. A webinar presented by CFA Society Malaysia.

24 June 2020 | Tan Sri Abdul Wahid Omar, Justin Ong, CFA | Video: 1 hr 11 min

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The Only Game in Town: Assessing Monetary Policy Tools in Response to COVID-19

As the Philippine central bank implements monetary actions to cushion the economic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, what is the effect of these policy tools on the real economy? What other policy actions should the bank introduce?

29 June 2020 | Miguel N. Sevidal

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Seeing Through Frosted Glass: Assessing Chinese Local Governments’ Creditworthiness

As Chinese local government debt is growing rapidly, an assessment of the creditworthiness of Chinese local governments uses a top-down rating approach which better reflects the nation’s vertically integrated governing structure. 

29 June 2020 | Pengyuan International: Jameson Zuo

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Related-Party Transactions in India

Related-party transactions – deals between parties that have a pre-existing relationship – create a principal-agent conflict and impact shareholders’ wealth. This study investigates such transactions in Indian companies.

27 June 2020 | Ashwini Damani, CFA; Ruchika Goel, CFA; Rajendra Kalur, CFA; Sivananth Ramachandran, CFA; Vidhu Shekhar, CFA; Shreenivas Kunte, CFA

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Growth vs Value Investing on the Bursa Malaysia during Covid-19 Pandemic

Performance of 885 stocks listed on the Bursa Malaysia is analysed based on their Price to Earnings (PE), Price to Book (PB), Dividend Yield (DY), and Debt to Equity ratio (DE), during the Covid-19 pandemic from January to early June 2020.

30 June 2020 | Shu Heng Chuan, CFA, Jaccob Thomas, Lim Yik Yin

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WEBINAR: Assessing Insurance Companies in Turbulent Times

Tighter regulatory regimes, geopolitical uncertainty, the ongoing digitization of the economy, and the Covid-19 pandemic have caused fundamental changes in the traditional insurance business. How should investors assess insurance companies?

16 June 2020 | Eunice Chu, FCCA; Charles Chui, CFA; Jennifer Law, MD; Mike Goodall; Stratos Pourzitakis, PhD | Video: 1 hr 2 min | 1 PL

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COVID-19 Impact on Bangladesh Economy

Like in most other nations, the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented shock to the Bangladesh economy. The report explores the possible impact of the ongoing pandemic on the broad economy and major industries of the country. 

22 June 2020 | LankaBangla Asset Management Co. Ltd.

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WEBINAR: Bank Negara Malaysia’s Pandemic Relief Measures: A Welcomed Move to the Malaysian Banking Industry?

A discussion of the measures implemented by Bank Negara Malaysia to support the efforts of banking institutions to assist individuals, small and medium-sized enterprises and corporations in managing the impact of the Covid-19 outbreak. A webinar presented by CFA Society Malaysia.

2 April 2020 | Yue Xiang Teng, Justin Ong, CFA | Video: 1 hr 26 min

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Bangladesh National Budget for FY 2021

As Bangladesh struggles with an economic slowdown due to nation-wide lockdown, layoffs and job losses, EBLSL presents insights on the country’s proposed national budget for FY 2021, highlighting its potential impact on businesses and industries. 

12 June 2020 | EBL Securities Ltd. Research Team

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The Dragon Awaits: China Market Strategy Outlook for the Second Half of 2020

The current market shows similarities to the internet bubble of 2000. Despite broad optimism, caution is needed. Value stocks are set to outperform. The strength of cyclicals can be misconstrued. Shanghai and Hong Kong offer long-term value.

10 June 2020 | BOCOM International: Hao Hong, CFA

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FTSE Russell China Bond Research Report: Q1 2020

Foreign ownership of RMB-denominated Chinese government bonds rose to a record high in March as interest rates slipped in some markets; and as the global economy slumped due to the coronavirus crisis. FTSE Russell's quarterly publication.

10 June 2020 | FTSE Russell

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WEBINAR: ESG Investing Post-Covid 19

MioTech's co-founder Jason Tu compares shareholder value vs. social value, explains how technology and data readiness improves ESG adoption, and discusses regulatory drivers of sustainable investing in Greater China.

10 June 2020 | Jason Tu, Mary Leung, CFA | Video: 1 hr 9 min

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Financing India's Renewable Energy Sector: Accessing Capital from Pension and Insurance Funds

The paper examines the investment traits of India's renewable energy sector and assesses the alignment of institutional investors' objectives with their investment profiles, focusing on pension funds and insurance companies.

10 June 2020 | Labanya Jena, CFA

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WEBINAR: AI Ethics in the Corporate World

As the applications of artificial intelligence proliferate, will there be a radical shift in how people behave and make critical decisions? Will AI strengthen or weaken the role of ethics? A webinar presented by CFA Institute and Tencent Finance Academy (Hong Kong)

3 June 2020 | Alan Lok, CFA, Dorothy Chau, PhD, Laurel Teo, CFA, Justin Ong, CFA | Video: 1 hr 41 min

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Value at Risk 2.0: News Anchor or Fortune Teller?

We capture the behavior of VAR during crises and weaknesses to which banks are exposed. We evaluate various regulatory measures to address them and provide suggestions how to compute forward looking VaR as an alternative to current approaches.

21 May 2020 | EY: Subrahmanyam OV , Yashendra Tayal

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VIDEO: From the Desk of a CIO: Strategizing Long-Term Investments

Mohamad Damshal bin Awang Damit, CFA, Chief Investment Officer at Tabung Haji, and Faridq Ridzuan, CFA, discuss what it takes to be a CIO, and how being a CFA Charterholder can help your career.

1 June 2020 | CFA Society Malaysia: Mohamad Damshal bin Awang Damit, CFA,  Faridq Ridzuan, CFA | Video: 57 min

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WEBINAR: Portfolio Asset Allocation and Performance through the Business Cycle

During the crisis, asset allocation decisions outweigh stock selection decisions as a determinant of portfolio performance. What is the value of asset allocation for portfolio performance over the long term?

1 June 2020 | CFA Society Malaysia: Yau Sue Meng, CFA | Video: 58 min

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WEBINAR: Is There Cash Left in the Post-Covid-19 World?

The COVID-19 pandemic has left businesses around the world cash-strapped. What are the best practices in working capital management, how do you uncover tell-tale signs of poor cash and working capital management and how can you preserve liquidity? A webinar presented by CFA Society Malaysia and PWC.

19 May 2020 | Pawan Kankanwadi, Ganesh Gunaratnam, Chun Keat Neo, CFA | Video: 1 hr 8 min

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WEBINAR: Oil Armageddon: Is Black Gold Turning into Red Ink?

While the outlook for global crude oil remains subdued, the world’s most important commodity is quickly losing its value, as the chronic oversupply overwhelms storage capabilities of crude tanks, pipelines and super-tankers.

19 May 2020 | CFA Society Malaysia: Deepak Kumar Thakur, CFA, Ahmad Nabil, CFA | Video: 1 hr 5 min

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WEBINAR: Gearing Up Your Portfolio with Structured Warrants

During market volatility it is important to identify the right strategies and tools to maneuver through the crests and troughs of the market. Learn how you can amplify your portfolio performance with structured warrants.

1 June 2020 | CFA Society Malaysia: Leong Kah Meng, CFA | Video: 1 hr 13 min

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WEBINAR: Has Luck Run Out for Luckin Coffee?

With high volatility in the market, impending recession, unconventional monetary policies, how do you value a company? What can we learn from the failure of the Chinese coffee chain Luckin Coffee?

1 June 2020 | CFA Society Malaysia: Ryan Tong Yee Chow, CFA, Chong Jin Yoong, CFA | Video: 1 hr 12 min

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How to Identify a Quality LGFV

Local governments in China started setting up local government financing vehicles (LGFVs) after they were barred from direct borrowing in 1994. Each LGFV operates within its government’s jurisdiction and they don’t compete against one another.

28 May 2020 | Pengyuan International: Brian Lam, Jameson Zuo

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WEBINAR: GIPS 2020 and Taiwan Research Findings

Eddie Chan, CFA, Asia Pacific GIS Product Channel Manager at CFA Institute, introduces the newly published Global Investment Performance Standards GIPS 2020. Professor Wei-Hsien Li, PhD, presents local research from Taiwan on the GIPS experience.

26 May 2020 | CFA Society Taiwan; Eddie Chan, CFA; Wei-Hsien Li, PhD | Video: 1 hr 14 min

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VIDEO: Using the Sectors of the Future to Unlock Alpha Today

How are advisors with an eye on the future using the S&P Kensho New Economies to meet client goals today? Lenity Financial’s Mark and Lisa Bova join S&P DJI for a practical look at the sectors driving the 4th Industrial Revolution.

7 May 2020 | S&P Dow Jones Indices: Mark Bova, Lisa Bova | Video: 9 min

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WEBINAR: Australian Credit Market Outlook and the Macro-economy

Fitch Ratings’ leading sector analysts discuss the implications of the global pandemic on Australia’s economy. The interactive webinar covers sovereigns, financial institutions, structured finance, corporates, infrastructure and ESG.

25 May 2020 | Fitch Ratings: James McCormack, Jeremy Zook | Video: 51 min

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Practitioners' Insights: Investing Under Uncertainties (Webinar Presentation)

A webinar presentation on investing during the current unprecedented circumstances, with a multitude of moving parts, owing to the COVID-19 health crisis, with the effects penetrating global economies and equity markets.

13 May 2020 | CFA Society India: Kuntal Shah

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WEBINAR: How Green Are Green Bonds?

A review of green bond regulations in ASEAN with a focus on their alignment with global standards and on the progress Thailand, the Philippines and Malaysia are making in the development of their green bond markets.

21 May 2020 | Mary Leung, CFA; Yoon Mee Yeong, CFA; Juliette Macresy, CFA; Cedric Rimaud, CFA | Video: 1 hr 8 min

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ETF Industry in India

An overview of India’s ETF industry looks at its evolution since the first ETF was launched in 2001. It analyses the ETF market structure, market participants, policy, tailwinds, and headwinds. It also provides recommendations for the way forward.

23 May 2020 | CFA Society India: Sivananth Ramachandran, CFA; Nilesh Saha, CFA

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Understanding the S&P Managed Risk 2.0 Indices

This paper explains the S&P Managed Risk 2.0 Indices, introduced by S&P Dow Jones Indices in collaboration with Milliman. These indices seek to provide core equity strategies with an embedded risk management feature.

14 April 2020 | S&P Dow Jones Indices: Tianyin Cheng, Vinit Srivastava, Joe Becker

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Shareholder Activism in Japan: How traditional corporate culture is being challenged

Shareholder activism is on the rise in Japan, but has not yet developed to the same degree as in the US or Europe, where investors are increasingly focusing on ESG issues. In Japan it is mainly concerned with governance and financial performance.

21 May 2020 | Nga Pham, PhD, CFA

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Emerging Market Fixed Income: Development and Characteristics of the Asset Class

A look at the characteristics and evolution of Emerging Market fixed income since the 1980s, shows that it has grown into a substantial and investible asset class. The report debunks some frequent misperceptions of Emerging Market bonds.

20 May 2020 | FTSE Russell

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Volatility and Returns: Evidence from China

Volatility-managed portfolios do not work well in China because past volatility positively predicts future returns.  We propose volatility-scaled portfolio, an alternative portfolio management tool that exploits this empirical fact.

20 May 2020 | Yeguang Chi, Xiao Qiao, Sibo Yan, Binbin Deng

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Fintech 2020: Technological Innovations in the Financial Services Industry

This report highlights a handful of fintech innovators in Islamic finance from around the globe. It defines the fintech landscape, presents recent trends, and helps understand how fintech can revolutionize the industry and Islamic finance.

19 May 2020 | CFA Society Pakistan

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Sustainable Finance in Asia Pacific: Regulatory State of Play

An overview of developments in sustainability in major jurisdictions of Asia Pacific and international policy environment examines practical implications for industry participants and policymakers, and calls for international coordination.

13 May 2020 | ASIFMA, Herbert Smith Freehills

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China's Transition Toward Electric Vehicles

With strong manufacturing base in battery and battery components - the core parts in electric vehicles - China has evolved to be sufficiently competitive in the global battery manufacturing battleground against Korea and Japan.

13 May 2020 | Pengyuan International: Danny Chen, Tony Tang

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WEBINAR: Deep Dive into VIX and Market Volatility

Known as the market's "fear gauge", the VIX index and its related measures covering equity, currency and fixed income markets across the globe, have become go-to measures of uncertainty and turmoil in markets. How does VIX encode meaningful predictions about the future behaviour of the markets? 

12 May 2020 | Tim Edwards, PhD; Franki Chung, CFA

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VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence Applications in Finance

The young demographics of the Philippines is seen as an advantage. But as advancement in artificial intelligence becomes exponential, transforming science fiction into reality, we could see jobs becoming obsolete and machines replacing humans.

8 August 2018 | CFA Society Philippines, Dr. Noah Silverman | Video: 45 min.

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Dissecting the Global Liquidity Crisis

The quarantines introduced in March 2020 have brought economic activity to a global standstill, triggering a bear market never seen before. The panic-selling across asset classes is considered unprecedented, even for crises. What are the safe havens?

12 May 2020 | Leveraged Growth: Aswini Bajaj, Aditya Bhatia, Rajul Jain, Ritwik Bhawsinghka, Muskaan Jain, Sonia Keswani, Racheta Chaudhary, Sudakshina Saha, Priyanka Dugar

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Has COVID-19 Led to Financial Instability in China?

The COVID-19 crisis follows turbulent two years for China’s economy. Fiscal and monetary support measures have maintained stability in the banking sector and capital markets, but risks remain in small banks, real estate and export-focused industries.

30 April 2020 | Seafarer Capital Partners, LLC: Nicholas Borst

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Are All Bond Ratings the Same? A Comparative Analysis of China's Domestic and Global Bond Ratings

We select a sample of China’s corporate issuers and asset-backed securities (ABS) with domestic and global credit ratings, to compare and analyse the differences in the two rating scales and the reasons behind such differences.

11 May 2020 | Pengyuan International: Ke Chen

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WEBINAR: Recovery of China's Economic Activities

Fitch's senior analysts discuss the findings on China's domestic credit market conditions and property market activities, the observations on steel and construction sectors, and the views on energy consumption.

29 April 2020 | Fitch Ratings: Ying Wang, Jenny Huang, Adrian Cheng,  Laura Zhai, Penny Chen | Video: 55 min.

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SEMINAR: Investing through Booms and Busts

In this recorded seminar, Dr. Vikram Mansharamani applies a combination of practitioner experience and academic perspective to help audiences navigate the cross-currents of global economic, financial and political developments.

28 August 2019 | Dr. Vikram Mansharamani, CFA Society Philippines | Video: 1 hr 21 min.

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The Impact of Covid-19 on Global Bond Markets

FTSE Russell's fixed income research specialist Robin Marshall provides insight into fixed income markets and the Covid-19 shock, with a deeper dive into  emerging market sovereigns.

5 May 2020 | FTSE Russell: Robin Marshall

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WEBINAR: CEO Insights - Communicating in a Crisis or a Crisis of Communication?

Miss Radhika Gupta, CEO of Edelweiss AMC, talks about client communication in times of crisis. The session is moderated by Mr. Rajendra Kalur, CFA.

1 April 2020 | Radhika Gupta, Rajendra Kalur, CFA, CFA Society India | Video: 60 min.

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WEBINAR: Corona Financial Crisis: Is This Time Different?

Dr. Duvvuri Subbarao, 22nd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India discusses the impact of Covid-19 on India’s economy. The moderator is Dr. Samiran Chakraborty, Managing Director and Chief Economist for India at Citigroup.

13 April 2020 | Dr. Duvvuri Subbarao, Dr. Samiran Chakraborty, CFA Society India | Video: 1 hr 18 min.

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ESG Disclosure in Asia: Key Findings from Hong Kong-Listed Companies

This webinar presentation includes a summary of research by CFA Institute on ESG disclosures in Asia-Pacific, and of a survey by BDO and PolyU SPEED on the performance of ESG reporting among Hong Kong-listed companies in 2018/19.

5 May 2020 | Piotr Zembrowski, CFA; Ricky Cheng; Dr. Artie Ng

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The 2008 Global Financial Crisis and COVID-19 Pandemic: How Safe Are the Safe Haven Assets

This paper compares the performance of safe haven assets during the 2008 GFC and COVID-19 pandemic across the ten largest economies. The results show that gold acts a safe haven during the 2008 GFC but fails to serve as a safe haven during COVID-19.

1 May 2020 | Muhammad A. Cheema, Kenneth R. Szulczyk

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WEBINAR: Cashless Payment Industry - Sector Analysis

The webinar explores the growth potential and the evolving landscape of the cashless payment industry. It highlights the most important competencies a company needs to thrive in this sector.

29 April 2020 | CFA Institute: Eunice Chu, FCCA; Danny Leong; Alan Lok, CFA; Serhii Karpenko; Rostyslav Dyuk

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Indian Life Insurance - Sector Primer: Success Is in Scalability

This sector primer on India’s life insurance analyses market dynamics, the competitive landscape and challenges facing the industry. It also analyses the market valuations and business fundamentals of India’s four listed life insurance companies.

29 April 2020 | Prudvi Raj Saya, CA

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WEBINAR: Global, APAC Sovereign & Economic Outlook

Fitch Ratings’ experts discuss the firm’s recent rating actions and outlook changes, prospects for fiscal deterioration, and assesses the depth of the 2020 recession and the prospects for post-crisis recovery. 

28 April 2020 | Fitch Ratings: James McCormack, Brian Coulton, Stephen Schwartz

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Bangladesh and Global Macro Update: Unsustainable Divergence between US Stocks and the Economy

Massive collapse of demand from key export market economies as they contract will keep Bangladesh production limited and maintain pressure on job- and wage-cuts. US shows a massive bifurcation between tech winners and retail, travel, energy sectors. 

28 April 2020 | Asian Tiger Capital Partners (BD) Limited: Ifty Islam

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Defining “Brown” Is Harder Than “Green” But Credit Implications Are Greater: ESG Credit Quarterly - Q1 2020

Fitch Ratings’ first ESG Credit Quarterly uses ESG Relevance Scores and broad research to capture current trends, such as the role of litigation in driving “E” and “S” changes, or physical risks spurring climate policy debate.

20 April 2020 | Fitch Ratings: Mervyn Tang, Andrew Steel

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ESG in Credit 2020: White Paper

Interest in the application of ESG to debt capital markets is growing, as asset owners demand reports on ESG performance of their investments. Fitch’s ESG Relevance Scores provide insight on how ESG factors affect credit risk. 

17 April 2020 | Fitch Ratings: Andrew Steel, Mervyn Tang

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China’s ABS through the Lens of Domestic Structured Finance Ratings

China's asset-backed securities market has seen tremendous growth in recent years. This report reviews unique characteristics of the market and analyses rating transitions of the structured finance ratings issued by domestic rating agencies in China.

27 April 2020 | Pengyuan International: Ke Chen, Shiyu Wang

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WEBINAR: Sales Inducements in Asia Pacific

Based on a report by CFA Institute, the webinar reviews regulatory and industry practices around sales and distribution of mutual funds in Australia, Hong Kong, India and Singapore, with a focus on sales commissions, fees and their effect on mis-selling.

24 April 2020 | CFA Institute: Mary Leung, CFA, Sara Cheng, JD

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What Next for Sustainability? The Post-Pandemic Corporate Agenda

The post-pandemic recovery may present an opportunity to address long-standing challenges of sustainable development, such as inequality and climate change, and drive companies to take a more comprehensive approach to environmental and social issues.

23 April 2020 | Carbon Care Asia (CCA)

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WEBINAR: Q1 2020 Factor Performance Review for Investors in Asia-Pacific

FTSE Russell’s Philip Lawlor and Marlies van Boven discuss the impact of the Covid-19 correction on factor performance across the globe and how this compares with the 2008 GFC correction.

22 April 2020 | FTSE Russell: Philip Lawlor, Marlies van Boven | Video: 22 min.

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Bangladesh Macro Update: Global Depression Risks Grow

The risks of a global depression along the lines of the 1930s are growing. Added to Coronavirus exit strategy uncertainties, we believe that consumer and business confidence will remain fragile after lockdowns are eased.

14 April 2020 | Asian Tiger Capital Partners (BD) Limited: Ifty Islam

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WEBINAR: ESG Risks in the Natural Rubber Sector

Natural rubber industry is dominated by smallholders who often are unable to absorb the costs of sustainable practices. The sector to be overlooked by global sustainability initiatives. Negative social and environmental impacts present a risk to downstream companies and investors.

16 April 2020 | CFA Society Singapore, CFA Institute Asia-Pacific Research Exchange | Video: 1 hr 8 min.

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Global Panel: COVID-19 Implications: Navigating New Realities in Today's Connected Markets

The global pandemic has shocked the world and impacted every aspect of our lives, leading to drastic economic disruption. To provide insight in these uncertain times, CFA Institute convened a special online panel discussion.

16 April 2020 | Jack Ablin, CFA; Nicholas J. Colas; Meredith Sumpter; Lauren Foster; CFA Institute | Video: 1 hr 17 min.

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Impact of Covid-19 on Malaysian Financial Institutions and How to Respond

With the regulatory measures announced by BNM and statements issued by IFRS in response to the recent development of COVID-19, we explore its impact on Financial Institutions in Malaysia in terms of loan growth, earnings, provision, and liquidity.

13 April 2020  | Deloitte: Justin Ong CFA, Dr Chee Wei Yen, Su Je Hui CFA

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Utility Instruments as a Possible Solution for Stressed Assets: Concept Paper

Non performing assets (NPAs) have significantly increased in the Indian banking sector. One of the solution for resolution of stressed assets and reducing the NPAs with the lenders can be issuing “Utility Instruments”.

17 April 2020  | Suhail Kothari

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Using Corporate Reporting to Strengthen Sustainable Development Goals: Recommendations for National Policy Makers

The report presents five recommendations for governments and other policy makers on how they can use corporate reporting to strengthen the progress towards Sustainable Development Goals at the national level.

8 April 2020  | Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)

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WEBINAR: Climate Change Integration in the Investment Process

Climate change presents a range of physical and transition risks for business and the financial industry. Investment professionals need education and tools to analyse and mitigate these risks. CFA Institute's Matt Orsagh presents an overview of the topic, followed by a panel discussion of industry experts in Asia-Pacific. 

9 April 2020 | CFA Institute | Video: 1 hr 11 min.

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This publication has been assigned 1 Continuing Education (CE) credit under the guidelines of the CFA Institute Continuing Education Program. We encourage CFA Institute members to login to the CE tracking tool to self-document these credits. You can find more CE content in the Continuing Education section of ARX.

Business Engagement in National Contributions under the Paris Agreement: Policy Recommendations on the Role of the Private Sector and Reporting

An analysis of the first round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement includes recommendations for policy makers and businesses, trends, lessons learned, and examples of good practice.

11 July 2019 | GRI, CDP

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Impact of Climate Change and Carbon Transition Risks on Credit: Scenario Analysis

Moody's expects a more pronounced decarbonization trajectory and more frequent and volatile extreme weather in the future. Given a wide range of possible outcomes, we use scenario analysis to help assess the credit impact for rated issuers.

10 March 2020 | Moody's Investors Service: James Leaton, Brian Cahill

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Growth of Sustainable Debt in Emerging Markets: Deepening Focus on ESG

Emerging market (EM) economies are particularly susceptible to ESG risks. Increased focus on ESG credentials and top-down policy support will remain important in driving the growth and development of EM sustainable finance.

17 March 2020 | Moody's Investors Service: Rahul Ghosh,  Anne Van Praagh

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Bangladesh Coronavirus Update: Unprecedented Macro Challenges Require Unconventional Policy Measures

This report lays out how the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to affect the Bangladesh economy and offers a series of policy recommendations for the government to tackle the fallout of the crisis.

6 April 2020 | Asian Tiger Capital Partners (BD) Limited: Ifty Islam

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S&P Leverage and Inverse Indices

The S&P Leverage and Inverse Indices aim to replicate the performance of their underlying indices with a constant multiplicative factor, positive or negative. They can be used as short-term trading tools for hedging and leveraging purposes.

31 March 2020 | S&P Dow Jones Indices: Tianyin Cheng

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About the Author(s)

ARX Editorial Team

Director: Scott Lee
Content manager, Editor: Piotr Zembrowski, CFA
Coordinator: Natalie Yiu

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