We’re using cookies, but you can turn them off in Privacy Settings. Otherwise, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn more in our Privacy Policy.

silver apparatus


ARX is designed to bring together investment professionals in Asia Pacific and other regions to share their views, knowledge and experience, so that they can learn from their peers and thought-leaders. Below are the most often downloaded posts in the last three months.

To browse or search ARX's repository of more than 4,000 posts, select "Research" in the upper left-hand corner of the page.

Sector Analysis: A Framework for Investors

Different industries often require very different business models; and even within the same industry, the model that does add value to the business may vary somewhat from company to company. CFA Institute presents a series of articles detailing a framework for analysis of investment fundamentals of industries.

2019 - 2021 | CFA Institute

View Article >

Bitcoin: Jumps, Convenience Yields, and Option Prices

We develop a theoretical jump-diffusion model for pricing bitcoin options admitting both jumps and stochastic convenience yield and use simulations to evaluate parameter estimates.

This paper has been submitted for the Asia Pacific Research Exchange Award at the 2021 New Zealand Finance Meeting.

11 September 2021 | Jimmy E. Hilliard, Julie Thuy Dung Ngo

Download PDF >

China Beyond Evergrande: Contagion or Containment?

Despite Evergrande's seemingly “too big to fail” scale, we expect Beijing to resolve the debt woes by prioritizing an orderly restructuring of the company, instead of offering direct support.

24 September 2021 | PineBridge Investments: Arthur Lau, Andy Suen, Fan Zhang

Read Article >

COVID-19 Impact on Bangladesh Economy

Like in most other nations, the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented shock to the Bangladesh economy. The report explores the possible impact of the ongoing pandemic on the broad economy and major industries of the country. 

22 June 2020 | LankaBangla Asset Management Co. Ltd.

Download PDF >

WEBINAR: The Emerging Asia Pacific Capital Markets - Asian Frontier Markets

CFA Institute Research Foundation presents the results of its overview of emerging markets in Asia Pacific. This webinar, the fourth in a series, covers Bangladesh, Cambodia, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

5 October 2021 | CFA Institute | Video: 1 hr 35 min.

Watch Video >

WEBINAR: Overview of "ESG Integration Framework" for Investment Analysis

CFA Institute partnered with The Securities and Exchange Commission Thailand to conduct a webinar to help enhance the knowledge of ESG investing for local practitioners. The webinar is targeting local intermediaries, with aims to equip them with fundamental understanding and knowledge in providing ESG-related services to investors.

7 September 2021 | CFA Institute, SEC Thailand, CFA Society Thailand | Video: 1 hr 32 min.

Watch Video >

Property Bubble, Aging Demographics, and Common Prosperity / 房地产变局,人口老龄化对于共同富裕的意义

China’s aging demographics and slowing investment suggest higher consumption ahead. High asset allocation to property at peak price portends re-allocation to other assets, such as equity. China must adapt its growth model despite near-term costs.


18 October 2021 | Hao Hong, CFA, BOCOM International

Download PDF (English) >

Download PDF (Chinese) >

WEBINAR: T-Shaped Teams - The Roadmap for AI and Big Data Adoption in Investments

Incorporating artificial intelligence and big data techniques in the investment process is critical for the success of the future investment firms and investment professionals alike. And yet, many are struggling to find out where to begin and what to do to prepare themselves for the inevitable change. We discuss how investment organizations build T-shaped teams to connect the investment and technology functions for success.

15 September 2021 | CFA Institute | Video: 1 hr 7 min.

Watch Video >

WEBINAR: The Case for Asian Fixed Income - Conscious and Intelligent Investing

A panel discussion looking at current opportunities and challenges in Asian fixed income investments from a sustainability and return perspective.

14 September 2021 | CFA Institute, CFA Society Singapore | Video: 59 min.

Watch Video >

WEBINAR: Responsible Investing - The ESG-Efficient Frontier

The question of whether ESG improves risk-adjusted returns continues to be debated. The investor's problem can be reduced to a trade-off between ESG and Sharpe ratio, and under this framework equilibrium asset prices satisfy an ESG-adjusted capital asset pricing model, showing when ESG increases or lowers the required return.

17 August 2021 | CFA Societies Australia, CFA Society Singapore | Video: 1 hr

Watch Video >

WEBINAR: Ethical and Sustainable Business Models in the Banking, Insurance and REIT Industry

Capital market experts discuss whether the ethical business model still holds importance among listed companies in the banking, insurance, and REIT industries. If so, why? And how do we as investors analyze whether top management are fully committed to their ESG and CSR goals? 

20 October 2021 | CFA Institute, ACCA | Video: 1 hr 33 min.

Watch Video >

WEBINAR: The Emerging Asia Pacific Capital Markets - ASEAN

CFA Institute Research Foundation presents the results of its overview of emerging markets in Asia Pacific. This webinar, the third in a series, covers Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.

7 September 2021 | CFA Institute | Video: 1 hr 3 min.

Watch Video >

Forecasting Long-term Equity Returns: A Comparison of Popular Methodologies

This white paper examines the empirical performance of two different approaches to forecasting future ten-year equity returns: a regression methodology using CAPE and a more traditional “building block” approach.

3 September 2018 | Amy Xie, PGIM

Download PDF >

VIDEO: Data Science - The Game Changer of the Industries

This forum discussed the strategic aspect of data analytics, real world examples related to governance of data science, and how it is becoming more important for one's career development.

25 August 2021 | CFA Society Malaysia | Video: 58 min.

Watch Video >

A Dynamic Multi-Asset Approach to Inflation Hedging

In this paper, we construct a multi-asset index for inflation protection.  First, we look into forecasting inflation.  Next, we analyze the inflation sensitivity of various asset classes.  Then, we identify strategies for different inflation regimes.

2 August 2021 | S&P Dow Jones Indices

Download PDF >

What does “Common Prosperity” Mean for China’s Stock Market? / “共同富裕”对中国股市意味着什么?

As China adopts “common prosperity” as its political and economic goal, and some foreign investors head for the exit, changing social confidence suggests that domestic investors will be clear winners.


25 August 2021 | Hao Hong, CFA, BOCOM International

Download PDF (English) >

Download PDF (Chinese) >


Riders in the Storm: How Volatility Events Affect Private Asset Class Performance

We examine the average performance of the broad equity, fixed income, and private asset markets during a spike in VIX spike and in the pre- and post-volatility spike periods.

21 June 2020 | Junying Shen, PGIM

Download PDF >

The Role of Diversification Return in Factor Portfolios

The Diversification Return has long been supposed to represent the incremental return associated with portfolios that are regularly rebalanced. Is a traditional factor-based explanation of such portfolio's performance more appropriate?

14 July 2021 | FTSE Russell: Sergiy Lesyk, Andrew Dougan

Download PDF >

China’s Property Developers Struggle to Deleverage

China’s policy stance is expected to remain tight as it aims to strike a balance between financial stability and deleveraging. As more bank loans are replaced by lower seniority funding sources, Chinese developers will see their liquidity strained. 

31 August 2021 | Pengyuan International: Winnie Guo, Brian Lam

Download PDF > 

Harnessing the Potential of Private Assets: A Framework for Institutional Portfolio Construction

We present a cash flow-driven asset allocation framework that analyzes how top-down asset allocation and bottom-up private investing interact to affect portfolio’s ability to respond to liquidity demands in a multi-asset, multi-period setting.

3 June 2021 | PGIM: Junying Shen, Michelle (Yu) Teng, Ding Li, Grace (Tiantian) Qiu

Download PDF >

The Consequences of Ultra-Easy Policies: Global Economic Recovery, Markets, and Rising Policy Concerns

We examine the intended and unintended consequences of Covid-19 monetary and fiscal policies on economic recovery and the equity and bond markets. We also share comments on responses of central banks to address the rising policy concerns.

25 July 2021 | Aditya Bhatia, Yash Shah

Download PDF >

The Role of Venture Capital in Modern Capital Markets: Practitioner's Brief

This practitioner's brief summarizes the CFA Institute 13 April 2021 webinar, which discusses the origins, current trends and the future of venture capital.

26 July 2021 | CFA Institute

Read Article >

An introduction to Collateralized Loan Obligations (CLOs)

We discuss key features of leveraged loans and collateralized loan obligations, which are a major financing source to the leveraged loan market. CLOs offer investors access to a diversified non-investment grade corporate credit portfolios.

8 July 2021 | FTSE Russell: Luke Lu, Elizabeth Han

Download PDF >

Examining the Rise of Decentralised Finance: Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities: Practitioner's Brief

This practitioner's brief summarizes the CFA Institute 8 December 2020 webinar, which covered the basic structure of Decentralized Finance, including key advantages and limitations, as well as how this concept may evolve in the future.

8 December 2020 | CFA Institute

Read Article >

Comparing Value Factor Performance in Global Equity Markets

The purpose of this analysis is not to identify the reasons for the slump in Value, but to analyze its performance by region and the differences in the sources of Value performance.

8 July 2021 | FTSE Russell: Tamura Hiromichi, Alex Chen

Download PDF >

CFA Society Malaysia FinTech Forum 2021

CFA Society Malaysia presents the inaugural FinTech Forum 2021 - a three-part series of webinars, which spotlight leading finance and investment industry speakers and practitioners.

2-16 June 2021 | CFA Society Malaysia

FinTech Forum 2021 >

Alpha Enhancement in Global Equity Markets with ESG Overlay on Factor-Based Investment Strategies

The paper finds that higher alpha can be harvested by restricting investment exposure to the ESG theme combined with various style characteristics, as they display low systematic and idiosyncratic tail risks. 

8 June 2021 | Subhransu Mohanty, Odette Mohanty, Mike Ivanof

Read Article >

Tokenised Securities in APAC: A State of Play

The paper provides updates on key developments in the tokenised securities space and what market participants think about the state of the tokenised securities market and ecosystem.

29 June 2021 | Laurence Van der Loo, ASIFMA

Download PDF >

VIDEO: Invest in Your Career to Reach the Top

CFA Society Philippines presents a series of pre-recorded webinars in which experienced financial professionals talk about opportunities and challenges of pursuing a career in their respective areas.

8 July 2021 | CFA Society Phlippines 

Corporate Finance (Video Length: 1 hr 4 min.) >

Data Science (Video Length: 47 min.) >

Fund Management (Video Length: 1 hr 24 min.) >

Regulatory Authority (Video Length: 58 min.) >

Risk Management (Video Length: 42 min.) >

Trading (Video Length: 1 hr 3 min.) >

Consulting (Video Length: 55 min.) >

Bangladesh Bank Monetary Policy Statement FY 2020-21

Bangladesh bank has announced an expansionary policy stance for the fiscal year 2020/21, with a high money growth rate and reduced policy rates, in response to the additional fund requirements for restoring the country’s economy affected by Covid-19. We present two papers analysing the policy statement:

About the Author(s)

ARX Editorial Team

Director: Scott Lee
Content manager, Editor: Piotr Zembrowski, CFA
Coordinator: Natalie Yiu